Friday, February 26, 2010

NSTP LTS N20 family immersion 27/02/2010 Atulayan Sur 6AM assembly time @ USL field


ana katrina a.
dyesebel j.
carla marie s.
rey anthony c.

divine grace a.
khristine marie j.
sunshine t.
jaylord g.

cristina b.
merlinda l.
cielo karenina t.
john arkhris j.

andrea b.
merryl ann m.
ana mae t.
leo jay l.

globeth b.
ronalyn m.
vanessa v.
james daryll l.

jennylyn b.
hazeleen mae m.
kathleen joy v.
joward l.

eillen joy b.
honey grace m.
maricel v.
tomas jr. m.

je-ann c.
rachel ann o.
alfred b.
jayson arnold n.

kristine joy c.
mylyn p.
arwin b.
raffy allan p.

faith c.
jennifer p.
karlo b.
mark wendell p.

jamille yvet d.
faith marilette r.
ferick b.
marlon v.

madelyn d.
rina r.
kenny jones b.
billy jay a.

kristina g.
kriztyne r.
nicole b.
guian carlo c.

marissa g.
geraldine s.
james john c.

fritz-ann g.
mary angelique s.
randy c.

Wednesday, December 09, 2009

the paradox of our age

by Dr Bob Moorehead

The paradox of our time in history is that we have taller buildings but shorter tempers; wider freeways, but narrower viewpoints. We spend more, but have less; we buy more, but enjoy less. We have bigger houses and smaller families; more conveniences, but less time. We have more degrees but less sense; more knowledge, but less judgment; more experts, yet more problems; more medicine, but less wellness.

We drink too much, smoke too much, spend too recklessly, laugh too little, drive too fast, get too angry, stay up too late, get up too tired, read too little, watch TV too much, and pray too seldom. We have multiplied our possessions, but reduced our values. We talk too much, love too seldom, and hate too often.

We’ve learned how to make a living, but not a life. We’ve added years to life not life to years. We’ve been all the way to the moon and back, but have trouble crossing the street to meet a new neighbor. We conquered outer space but not inner space. We’ve done larger things, but not better things.

We’ve cleaned up the air, but polluted the soul. We’ve conquered the atom, but not our prejudice. We write more, but learn less. We plan more, but accomplish less. We’ve learned to rush, but not to wait. We build more computers to hold more information, to produce more copies than ever, but we communicate less and less.

These are the times of fast foods and slow digestion; big men and small character; steep profits and shallow relationships. These are the days of two incomes but more divorce; fancier houses but broken homes. These are days of quick trips, disposable diapers, throwaway morality, one night stands, overweight bodies, and pills that do everything from cheer, to quiet, to kill. It is a time when there is much in the showroom window and nothing in the stockroom. A time when technology can bring this letter to you, and a time when you can choose either to share this insight, or to just hit delete.

Remember, spend some time with your loved ones, because they are not going to be around forever.

Remember to say a kind word to someone who looks up to you in awe, because that little person soon will grow up and leave your side.

Remember to give a warm hug to the one next to you, because that is the only treasure you can give with your heart and it doesn’t cost a cent.

Remember to say “I love you” to your partner and your loved ones, but most of all mean it. A kiss and an embrace will mend hurt when it comes from deep inside of you.

Remember to hold hands and cherish the moment for someday that person will not be there again.

Give time to love, give time to speak, and give time to share the precious thoughts in your mind.

Monday, December 07, 2009

Theo 2 - Prelims Hand Out II


Theology I –

“God” – _____________,_____________ Religion --________________________
-gives everlasting life/happiness __________________________

Everlasting Happiness
Everlasting Life

Happiness/answer –unlimited / infinite

Answers : Philossophy/Ideology – hedonism, humanism, Marxism. - limited
(Answers / Happiness)- - Limited
Man’s Quest: Life? Meaning / Meaningful?

God : _____________,___________________
- gives Everlasting Life / Happiness / complete meaning of life.

Revelation – Recorded in the ____________
( ex. Torah, etc )

Religion - ___________________________________________________

__________: Man’s Response

Happiness / Life’sMeaning – infinite / unlimited
Life’s meaning, Happiness – limited, finite
Man’s Quest : Life? Meaning / Meaningful?

( Since God’s revelation is mostly by mediations, our responses is also through mediations like images or signs and symbols, drama, rituals, etc.)

Religion and Life:

Religion – a social Institution with set of beliefs and practices as a result and expressions of their faith and dependence on the transcendent Being (God).
- You believe in “God” because you are powerless (you can’t control the situation) you look for security, ultimate meaning of life, salvation.

- acknowledge their dependence on the supreme being (God).
- express their beliefs and dependence on the transcendent through cult/rites and witness it in their personal and social life.

1. Superstitious
Ex. “Magical” – it gives luck
- wishes are granted, etc.
Ex. Image of the Sto. Niño.

2. Guiding
- it helps us find the meaning of life.
- It gives life’s direction, refines attitudes.
- Helps to have better outlook of life.

3. Consoling
- it consoles, gives hope in times of difficulty, crisis, etc.
Ex. “Bahala na si Lord”

4. Conventional
- religion is just part of society, culture.
Ex. For people to maintain peace and order not to do evil.

5. Indifferent
- religion is neither good nor bad
- Good for those who find it useful or who need it.
- Not necessary for success.
- Values can be learned thru’ education.

6. Hostile
- Religion is a “Bad” Influence”, “Harms” people.
- Makes people not think, lazy, too dependent to God which doesn’t exist. Makes people not look at life realistically.

Which of these attitude/s is helpful? _______________

Which of these attitude/s do you possess? ______________,

God Created all things , (world and the human persons). They were in “paradise”


Father : ------------Mission : Salvation

Prophets ---------Theology I
Priests ----- O. T.
God Jesus -----------Mission : Salvation / Kingdom -------- Theology II
------ N.T.(Gospels)

____________ : Mission : Salvation / Kingdom. --------- Theology III
(Apostles + Disciples)
------ Acts of the Apostles
And the Letters / Epistles.

Philippines Spain Rome Jerusalem

Theology IV
Living a Christian Life ( Morality )

Creation Story
• Woman/man in Paradise
• They committed sin (Disobedience/Pride)
• (Woman will give birth to Messiah)
• God planned to save man
• Salvation history started in the Old Testament (God made a Covenant with Abraham – fulfillment was the coming of Christ)

God :-------------------Mission : Salvation
Priests - O.T.

Theology II: Jesus : ---------------- Mission : Salvation / Kingdom - N.T.
The Way, the Truth, and the Life.

Jesus Christ: Both Divine and Human(except sin)
• Gave Salvation
• Mediator between God and Man
• Salvation involves Christ and Man
• Bridge the Gap between God and man/humanity

Salvation is a gift of God / a grace – take it or leave it.

• Salvation history is still at work at present through the church with the Holy Spirit.

Salvation – deliberance from sins (old definition/old view).
a. Eternal life with God Eternal Happiness in the form of
b. For the Soul seeing God face to face(beatific vision)
c. In Heaven

 Fullness of Life with God - --destruction of all evils.

Maturity: Difficult process.
• Takes time ( but start or do it now)
• Challenge
• Mission – you have to perfect yourself.

JESUS: The Model of Maturity.
some bases/reasons:
A) He Advanced in age and wisdom
Ex. Sticked to his convictions
• convinced that such is true or correct(do it).
B)He Chose to risk his life but not uselessly
Risk: “Put in danger”
Ex. Tell the Truth – witness
Christ Corrected People in Authority
C) He Develop unlimited concern for others - do good for others.
D) Gave his life a meaning/purpose.
Ex. Do your Mission (to save and he painted the vision of the Kingdom)
E) Helped people find the meaning of their lives.
F) Painted the vision of the Kingdom.
• Building up the Kingdom on Earth.


PCP II – 34
“ We Filipinos are followers of Christ, his disciples, to trace his footsteps in our times, to utter his words to others, to love with his love, to live with his life, to cease following him is to betray our identity.”

(The Problem in the process of evangelization: Jesus Christ or Christianity is always enveloped/colored by the culture and world view (background) of the evangelizer/missionary)

-Guard and purify our values /culture
-Preserve and strengthen the positive elements of our culture
-Purify the negative elements in the light of the Gospel
-Our Christian faith must be inculturated; must become part of our culture / must become part of our everyday life / life/ life’style (also baptizing our culture).

Doing Filipino Theology

Hypothesis: becoming mature and authentic Filipino is becoming truly (Filipino) Christians.

Comparison Values: Examples

Gospel Filipino
1. love ----
2. justice ----
3. compassion ----
4. peace ----

1. Family-Oriented / centered
a. immediate family
b. extended family (ninongs, ninangs).
c. Fond of children
a. Jesus: Family of God
God – Father
(Mary- mother)
Us – brothers and sisters
How do we become member of God’s Family? _________________

2. Meal oriented
Filipino: Gracious hosts and grateful guests
-salu-salu kainan
-“kain tayo”, come and eat with us
- we treat everyone as part of the family.
* Jesus: Eucharist: The Bread of Life
Eucharist: The Center of Life of the Early Christians
1 Cor.11;25-26, John 6:48-58
(The Early Church called it Breaking of the Bread)

3. Kundiman Oriented
Kundiman : Sad Filipino Song about Wounded Love
Filipino: Hero Lovers
:Hero - sacrifice Everything out of love
( we accept suffering for the sake of love)
* Jesus: Hero
Christ sacrificed everything out of love
Savior from sin
Jesus is a suffering servant – He suffered out of love

4. Bayani oriented

Hero: fights for justice, peace, true love.
: Savior; Defends, protect the oppressed, weak, and the poor from injustices and oppressions. Even to lay down one’s life. ( movie –“bida” )

Jesus: Hero
: “Conqueror” of the world from sin.
: Won over evil
5. Spirit Oriented
Filipinos: naturally psychic
: Believe in supernatural beings
Ex. Spirits. . in a tree, place, person, etc.

* Jesus: Miracle worker
ex.Jesus drove away evil spirits in persons.
-He sent the Holy Spirit to his disciples(Pentecost)

Conclusion: Filipino traits are parallel with that of Christ.
Accepting Christ and becoming mature and authentic
Filipino is becoming truly (Filipino) Christians.



Saints,Angels :_____________________


* The outstanding trait of Filipino Catholics is people in love with Mary. (Pueblo Amante De Maria)
* Most Filipinos are Marian Devotees
(Devotion: prayers addressed to Saints, Angels)
- you ask the prayer of the Saints.
* Typical Filipino approach to Christ is
with and through Mary

ex: - simbang gabi
-panunuluyan at Christmas
- salubong

Marian piety / devotion is part of being Filipino (most)

1. Family oriented: Mary “Spiritual Mother”.
2. Meal oriented: we have our Feast with Mary
- month of Marian festival: __________.
- pilgrimage to her shrines
3. Kundiman oriented: Mary was sorrowful because of our sins.
-Mater Dolorosa
4. Hero: Mary: She offered her whole life for the fulfillment of God’s salvific plan.
5. Spirit oriented: Mary: The Holy Spirit overshadowed her.

Who is Christ to Filipinos?
Filipino 21 images of Christ
1. baby symbol
: Sto. Niño:
2. Hero Symbol: Suffered out of love
: Hesus Nazareno
: Sto. Entiero – “dead Christ”
: Crucified Christ/crucifix
: Sacred Heart
3. Kingdom Symbol
Christ the King: Winner / Victorious

1.Sto. Niño
- Feast: 2nd Sunday of January - 1521 – Magellan’s gift to Queen Juana of Cebu at her baptism.
Legaspi – set Cebu on fire but the image of Sto. Niño was found in one house.
(symbolisms: child: honest, trustworthy, just, innocent,
- must be complimented by the adult image of Christ.
-message: respect the rights of children.

2.Hesus Nazareno (Black Nazarene) - in Quiapo Church.
-feast: January 9
- brought to Philippines by the Augustinian Recollects 16th – 17th century
- work of an unknown Mexican artist.

Symbolism: God’s faithfulness to his people.
- God’s love to his sinful people.
- Christ suffered out of love
- Christ – suffering servant
3. Crucified Christ ---consoling to many Filipinos
In their hardships.


cross – sign of victory

veneration / respect – for the saints, also for images. (expression depends on cultural practice)
Adoration, praise and worship – for God.

4. Sto. Entierro (dead Christ)
- Christ is God, is also human(except sin).

Evaluation:( Hesus Nazareno, Crucified Christ, sto. Entiero)
-Must be complemented by the kingly image/resurrected image/ victorious image.

- Religious Experience of devotees - __________________________.

5. Sacred Heart of Jesus

6. Christ the King: Victorious Christ
Feast: Last Sunday of the Liturgical Year(The Sunday before the 1st Sunday of Advent)
What’s the difference between Christ our King with the other kings?
Ex. Chess king

In the Catholic Liturgy, we have three seaons: the season of Advent and Christmas, Lent and Easter and ordinary time. Our Liturgy/worship is revolving around the great deeds of Christ.
Who is the person who worshipped God perfectly? __________________

Liturgy - ___________________________

Different colors of the celeb-

Resurrection resurrection


Gospel - a contraction of the word godspel (“Good tiding”)
Or good news.

-Good News -________________________________________________.

3 Stages in the writing of the Gospels
( There is only one Gospel but in 4 editions)
a. Historical Jesus
Jesus: came and did His mission like by preaching, healing and other ministries. All His deeds were centered on the Kingdom or salvation of mankind

b. Oral preaching
The disciples preached / witnessed (show/live) about Christ and his Message.
They were inspired by the Holy Spirit(_________________________)
what was the basis of the apostles in preaching during their time?
c. The Writing of the Gospels
The Evangelists wrote the Gospels
They were inspired by the Holy Spirit
Purpose: to preserve the message of Christ.
- not biographies of Christ
- not concern on Historical accuracy

- * Faith Accounts on Jesus(Faith Experiences on Jesus)
- to convert others, to let them believe that Jesus is the Messiah.

Yehoshua – YHWH is Salvation, God is Salvation, God saves.

Yehoshua Joshua Jesus = Savior -- Mt.1:21

Mashiah Messiah: Anointed one of Yahweh/God
Ex. In OT.___________, _________,___________.
Jesus = messiah --Mt.16:16

Mashiah Messiah Kristos Christ.




Matthew – Mt
Mark – Mk
Luke – Lk.
John – Jn.



Egg = eng
Agg = ang ex.aggelion
John. – more symbolic, theological
(Matthew’s Gospel in Aramaic in 50 A.D. was lost.)

1.Mark: 64 A.D. (65- 70), 66-70 64-66
Cola, L. Gobrin,A. Felix J. Vermundo
• shortest gospel
Symbol: Lion – begins his gospel with a lion in the desert.
Lion- John De Baptist – crying for repentance. Audience: Persecuted Christians of Rome.

Purpose: strengthen /give courage to the suffering Christians of
(Stress): to stand for the faith even to the point of dying if necessary.
Christ is a suffering servant

Focus: Deeds of Christ
1. Marvelous Deeds (Miracles)
2. Stressed the mission of Christ-salvation of mankind, kingdom
- Jesus = Messiah, Savior

Mark – disciple of Peter and Paul, Story teller.
- To present the person of Christ through his actions and
- (some Biblical scholars say that this is an anti-miracle gospel
Because the miracles are not the signs that Jesus is the Messiah but His action especially His Suffering and death on the cross.He criticize those who emphasized mainly the miracles of Jesus.)

2. Matthew: 65 A.D. 70-90 ca.85 70’s 0r 80’s
Cola,L. Gobrin,A Felix,J. Vermundo
(Matthew: Jew, tax Collector)
Symbol: Man
Begins with the genealogy of Christ

audience: Jewish Christians
Stress: Jesus is the Messiah, the “new Moses” from the house of David.
: He wanted the Jews to believe that God’s promise in the Old Testament is now fulfilled in Christ
Focus: Jesus’ Word / Jesus’ teachings which is focus on the Kingdom
*Jewish mentality :__________________________________________
They have a very “high” expectation of the Messiah.
Matthew presupposes Knowledge of the O.T.
Matthew always compare Christ with Moses because of His audience.
Moses gave the Torah – guide, Christ gave the Holy Spirit – guide. Etc.

3. Luke -(Physician) 65 A.D. 70-90 ca 85 late 80’s
Cola,L. Gobrin,A. Felix,J Vermundo
- disciple of Paul
Symbol: calf
- begins with the sacrifice/offering
Jewish bias: Gentiles : pagans
: people who are not Jews
: that Christ and Salvation is only for the Jews
Audience: Greek converts/Gentiles
Stress : salvation is universal/for all. Christ died and suffered for all.

Luke – Educated Greek, Physician, Gentile Christian convert.
-Historian,disciple of _______.
-client of Theophilus ( _______________________)
- To give an orderly historical account of Jesus.
- the most orderly Gospel/ focus on the missionary work of Jesus

4. John: 95 A.D., 90-100 90’s 90’s
Cola,L. Gobrin,A. Felix,J. Vermundo
symbol: Eagle
– started with high and lofty thoughts.
Audience: familiar with the synoptics
: Christian Churches around the Roman Empire.
: All Christians

John – more theological
- presented the mysterious personality of Christ and added with profound insight.
Stress: the Divine Origin of Christ.
: Jesus – is Divine, Messiah, from God.
- He stressed the divinity of Jesus that people should believe that He is the Messiah, that anyone who believes in Him will have Everlasting life In short, belief in Jesus as the messiah will lead to eternal life. ( Thomas the doubter is one of the representatives of John’s audiences, that’s why the episode is there)
- He also stress close personal relationship with Jesus.
- He was a follower of John de Baptist.

John’s message for the Jews who cling so much to the O.T. especially the Torah : Jesus is the WORD of God, the Torah who was made/became flesh. So if you are the True People of God as you claim then accept this new Torah who is Jesus.

Some say that John might have also defended who was really Jesus against some heretics like the Gnostics,etc.
Gnostics: Sect who teaches heresy
Gnosis – knowledge
- “We have a secret Divine knowledge from above – will lead us to salvation.” This secret knowledge is only given to the elect.

- 5 Books of John
1. Gospel
2. John 1,2,3 – Epistles
3. Revelation

Symbol Year Audience Purpose





Audience Problem Solution





(Gospels) style/personality
(method/strategy) Chapters Discipleship( What kind of
Disciple do they portray/like

Story teller “Action star”- more on doing.
Follow Christ thru suffering
and humiliation even to the point of _____________________

Learner / Listener / teacher

Historian Go to the mission
- Missionary

Theologean Close relationship with Christ
Ex. Thru Prayer and Eucharist

Who were apostles among the Evangelists? ___________,______________.
The longest gospel:_______________
The shortest gospel: _____________
What’s the difference between Matthew and Luke in terms of their geneaology? _______________________________________________________

What do their genealogy emphasized?
The most catechetical gospel is Luke, the next is Matthew
For purely Catechetical work, the Gospel of Matthew is recommended.
The Gospel of Luke is good for adult catechism.
Catechism : Instruction or specific form of instruction
: (instruction about our faith)
(The primary focus of Catechism are adults and not children)

Mark is good for children (catechism)
Luke : Orderly account
Matthew and John : for high school and college (catechism)
Sources – Mark and the Q ( qohelet )

Eusebius : a historian(some say he is more of an apologist than a

Theo 2 - Prelims Hand Out

• The earthly Jesus is the origin of Christology of the Church if we are to take seriously the Incarnation which is the Word taking on a human history, with consideration to the continuity in the discontinuity between the implicit and the explicit Christology.
• Our knowledge of Jesus' earthly life and work is limited, and there is controversy about many sayings and deeds of Jesus recorded in the Gospels as being the reflections of the early Church, yet multiple attestation of the evangelists do allow us to reconstruct something of the message, activity, claim of Jesus at least during the last few years of his life. Something which biblical scholars commonly agree that we can be certain about are:
 Jesus' preaching of the Kingdom of God
 His self-designation as the Son of man
 His consciousness of God as Abba.

1. The Teaching of His Kingdom
There is hardly anything more certain about the ministry of Jesus than his proclamation of God's Kingdom / reign.
 In the time of Jesus, there were different ways of conceiving the Kingdom of God which is the definitive saving act of God, but Jesus gave it a new meaning:
◘ It is the loving rule of God over the world that began to manifest itself with the mission of Jesus. Jesus himself was inseparably connected with the in breaking of the divine kingdom in both his preaching and his miraculous deeds. Jesus announced the Kingdom of God and made it present in His own Person (JS=Kgdm) “Jesus is the Kingdom of God realized in himself” (Origin).
◘ Unlike John the Baptist who preached the Kingdom was imminent, Jesus taught that it was already present though not yet consummated.
◘ The Kingdom is addressed to the poor (anawin). What counts for Jesus is their trust in God.
Kingdom centered= God centered

2. His Self-designation as Son of man
 This term also appears in Ezk (the prophet is called “Son of Man” to mean being human, limited, weak, not a transcendental figure.
But in Daniel 7, it is a transcendental figure
 Jesus' self-designation: neither his contemporaries nor the succeeding generations use the title of Him. It was Jesus’ characteristic way of referring to Himself. He also gave it an innovative interpretation to sum up much of the thrust of His message.
Jesus used it in 3 senses:
◘ Being in the midst of man, having an earthly life with a human quality and humble condition
Mt 11:19 “The Son of Man came eating and drinking and they said, 'Look, he is a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners.' But wisdom is vindicated by her works."
Mk 2:10 “But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority to forgive sins on earth”
Lk 9:58 Jesus answered him, "Foxes have dens and birds of the sky have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head.”
◘ A mortal being to refer to his coming suffering, death and resurrection
Mk 9:12 “He told them, "Elijah will indeed come first and restore all things, yet how is it written regarding the Son of Man that he must suffer greatly and be treated with contempt?”
◘ As a glorious figure coming at the end like the mysterious redeemer-judge of Dan 7
Jesus was relating himself to a figure who delivers his people and receives kingly dominion. In this context, an appeal to Dn 7 meant that Jesus made a messianic use of the self-designation Son of Man.
Point: Only God can judge; only God can destroy evil; only God can require the sacrifice of self.

• Thus the use of this term respectively portray this figure as a human being serving others, being rejected and killed and coming in future glory to judge them
Theological Dimension
• Title "Son of Man" unites true God and true man.
 “Son of God made man” (Galot: The divine powers that are his are effective through his humanity, communicated through his flesh and blood. As Son of Man he can represent all men to the Father.
The term suggests that the richness of the divine person lies hidden and is revealed through the human nature.
 The ontological and the functional: Jesus does not identify himself with a function (e.g., "Messiah"); his personal reality as "Son" comes before his mission. Mission follows his identity.
O’Collins remarks
• Jesus used “Son of Man” in such a way as not to bring his own person into prominence, while maintaining his Father’s reign (and not self-witness) at the center of his public proclamation.
• As Jesus went on to speak more directly to the inner group of his disciples about his impending suffering and future vindication, he presented himself as the Son of man who represented the new Israel in obediently suffering and trusting that he would be vindicated beyond death and thus bring God’s judgment and kingdom.

3. His Understanding of God as Father
• ABBA Experience - A term of endearment.
In OT it was used a few time but in Hebrew (=Father), not in Aramaic
 (Mk. 14:36—Jesus in Gethsemane), Gal 4: Rom 8—Holy Spirit cries in us.
 Jesus never called himself Son of God (the term certainly belongs to the Creed of the Church). Yet He did characteristically refer to God as Father, most strikingly in his address to God as Abba.
A distinctive and unusual term expressing simple, deep intimacy with God (this seems to capture the essential self-understanding of Jesus). This is unique or something highly unusual in Palestinian Judaism.
In OT the special relationship to God enjoyed by angels, the king and the Jewish nation allowed them to be called sons of God.
He consistently made a distinction between "my father" and "your father" except in the Pater Noster.
 All these show that he clearly experienced God in a special way and he thought of his sonship as a unique relationship with God the Father
When Jesus was crucified he was already the Son of God, but this divine sonship was confirmed and given clearer definition by resurrection.
 Certainly its use in Gethsemene reveals Jesus consciousness that his filial identity is linked to his redemptive mission.
Theological Consequence
 ABBA experience reveals Jesus as the true Son of God the Father. We, as adopted sons, can call Abba for Christ has extended the intimacy of his unique relationship with the Father to us (without lessening the uniqueness of being God's only begotten).

The Universality of the Mediation of Christ

• NT does not waver in acknowledging Christ as the one Savior for all people, that his redemptive role is universal (w/out exception), unique (one of a kind), complete (convey fullness of salvation) and definitive (cannot be surpassed).
• This redemptive role will also have its impact on the whole of creation.
• Biblical texts on the universal role of Christ: Acts 4:11-12: There is no salvation in anyone else, for there is no other name in the world given to men by which we are to be saved.
• 1Tim 2:5-6 God is one. One also is the Mediator between God and men, the man JC, who gave Himself as a ransom for all.
• Claims about Js as the mediator of salvation for all people emerge from faith in him as the Risen Lord. His resurrection has inaugurated the general resurrection. At the end he will be the saving goal for all men and women --as the universal judge and the light of the heavenly Jerusalem.
• The teleological conviction that Christ is goal of humankind goes hand in hand with a strong sense of his universal salvific role here and now.
• It was Js' humanity that made his dying and rising possible, it was his divinity that gave that dying and rising a cosmic value.
The personal pre-existence of Christ and his Incarnation
According to J.D.G. Dunn (Christology in the Making, 2ed., 1989) such a pre-existence of Christ is found for the first time in the prologue of John.
1 Cor 8:6 yet for us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things and for whom we exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist.
2 Cor 8:9 For you know the generous act of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, so that by his poverty you might become rich.
Gal 4:4 But when the fullness of time had come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law,
Phil 2:6-11
6. though he was in the form of God, did not regard equality with God as something to be grasped at, 7. but emptied himself, taking the form of a slave being born in human likeness. And being found in human form, 8. he humbled himself and became obedient to the point of death-- even death on a cross. 9. Therefore God also highly exalted him and gave him the name that is above every name, 10. so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bend, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, 11. and every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
◘ Paul is more interested in the post-existence than the pre-existence of Christ
◘ Yet pre-existence is important for the Incarnation.

The Church encourages us to know Jesus historically.
• Divino Afflante Spiritu (- “Inspired by the Holy Spirit”) – 1943 encyclical of Pope Pius XII, which encouraged biblical research and the use of the historical-critical method.

What do we know about Jesus today?
•Big Boss Papa
•Master and Commander
•Big Brother

The Creed
• I believe in God, the Father Almighty, the creator of Heaven and earth, and in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord, Who was conceived of the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, Suffered under Pontius Pilate, was
crucified, died and was buried…

Images/titles of Jesus:
• 3 Filipino favorite images of Christ – Nazareno, Santo Nino, and Crucified Christ.
•Appeal of the Nazareno – always grant petitions, consistent with hero martyr symbol. Also because Easter was only emphasized after Vatican II, so more time spent on focusing on the suffering Christ.
•Sto Nino – miraculous wood. It is told that one day, long before the coming of the Spaniards, a native went out into the sea to fish. He did not catch anything for the better part of the day until finally, he felt a weight at the end of his line. He brought it in only to discover that it was nothing but a piece of wood. This occurred several times until, tired and angry, he decided to keep the stubborn piece of wood in his boat. And viola! Like magic, all the fish swum towards his boat and he went home with a bountiful catch.
The natives of Cebu soon discovered that this piece of wood had other magical powers. They could use it as a scarecrow to keep animals away from their dying crops. In times of drought, they only had to immerse it in the sea and the rains would come. Apparently, this same piece of wood was fashioned into the image of the Santo Niño.

Other images/titles:
• The “Christ”
• “Son of God”
• “Messiah”
• “Savior” and “Lord”
The Cosmic Christ

Jesus Christ: Bio data
• If we are to be like Jesus, then we should know his life – what he said, what he did, and WHY.
• To understand WHY, then we should know his historical background, thus the Historical Jesus.

• Born in Nazareth around 4 BCE.
– Rural area but close to commercial centers in Galilee and Mediterranean.
• Nazareth is in Palestine (now Israel and part of Jordan).
•Nazareth is about 150 kilometers north of Jerusalem

Gospels: our source of information of historical Jesus:
• A record of the disciples’ experience of Jesus
• Historical account (what Jesus said and did remembered)
• Interpreted account (what Jesus said and did interpreted after he died and resurrected)
They were fascinated by this person who had a lot of common sense, who related warmly with people, mingled freely with the poor and the outcast, and spoke openly against the injustices of his time. Being with him was an inspiriting experience of the disciples who, most probably, had been victims themselves of the discrimination and oppression in the Jewish society. They felt this man gave them back their dignity, their confidence in life. In Jesus of Nazareth, the disciples experienced a very free man, caring for the concrete needs of the oppressed poor people because God, his Father, loved them – never mind if they failed to fully love God (Mt 4:23-25; 11:2-6; Luke 4:16-21; 5:29-32).
•Interpreted account – Jesus was crucified but in faith the disciples were convinced that he was alive; he has risen. The conviction that Jesus continued to live and inspire the community added a new meaning to the disciples’ initial understanding of Jesus. They believed that Jesus’ spirit was challenging them to give a new answer to people's search for happiness. Thus they believed in the CHRIST OF FAITH as we Christians of today, followers of Christ, also believe.

A village on the southeastern slopes of the MOUNT OF OLIVES (see Map 6, B-4)
about three kilometers (two miles) east of Jerusalem near the road to Jericho . Bethany was the scene of some of the most important events of Jesus' life. It was the home of Martha, Mary, and Lazarus and the place where Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead . During Jesus' final week, He spent at least one night in Bethany . At Bethany Jesus was anointed by Mary in the home of Simon the leper .

What else do we know about Jesus?

• A carpenter, which makes him lower middle class.
• Probably studied in the synagogue of Nazareth, where he learned to read and write, and studied the Hebrew bible.
• Eventually, became a religious seeker and found John the Baptist.
•Nazareth is about 150 kilometers north of Jerusalem
•Carpenters did not build houses but made wooden products: doors, door frames, roof beams, furniture, yokes and plows.

1. A man of faith
• Had a deep relationship with God, referring to God as “abba.”
2. Jesus as healer and exorcist
• Reasons for healing: To show compassion. To show that God is accessible
• Jesus associated healing with the Kingdom of God.
3. A teacher of transformative wisdom
• Not just a teacher of doctrine and morals, but of a “new way of life.”
• Relationship with God – not based on rules but being God-centered.
• Purpose of life – not fulfilling the requirements of religion, but based on a relationship with God.
4. An initiator of a renewal movement
• Aware of the corruption and deterioration of Jewish society, and wanted to renew it.
• Jesus’ movement: the way of Love
• Everyone is welcome, including sinners, the poor, and women. Everyone is equal
5. Jesus as prophet
– Jesus condemned a social system that was unjust, favored the wealthy, the powerful, and those who based their relationship with God on the law, but which rejected the poor, the powerless and those unable to keep the law.

•We sometimes transform Jesus to a magician who fulfils prayers if we are obedient. Others turn him into a masochist whose purpose was to die for our sins, and did not consider well being in this life as important.
Now, we can understand better the titles used for Jesus by his early disciples.

Images/titles of Jesus by his early disciples:

• The “Christ” Greek “christos”
Hebrew “mashiah” which means “the anointed.”

• “Messiah” – as above, but had kingly and militaristic connotations.
The titles give us an insight on how Jesus was perceived by the people around him. A mere historical presentation of Jesus would not give us much insight. He was poor, lived in an obscure village, did miracles which were not totally unknown that time, (there were others who healed the sick), challenged the Romans or criticized the priest (again there were many who did this), was a trouble maker in the temple, was convicted of sedition, and then crucified. Many lived and died this way.
But it is how he was perceived and experienced by the people around Him, especially those close to Him, that give us a deeper insight. What I would like to present to you is that this experience of Jesus can be known through the titles that the Gospel writers assigned to Him.
One of these titles is Christ:
Matt 16:15-16 (15 "But what about you?" he asked. "Who do you say I am?"
16 Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.")
Christ is not Jesus surname. Mashiah means “the anointed”: Priests, kings, prophets were anointed. The disciples were saying this person belonged to God, or was a man of God. They felt that this was no ordinary person that lived among them, but they could not at that time say “true man and true God.” That was an expression developed much later (around 400 AD) by the Church. So they had to make use of titles that were already there at that time.

• “Son of God” – not yet as second person of Trinity, but as “a man of God.”
-Son of God – not in the sense that we use it in the Creed. Son of God meant:
-For the Jews, that divine sonship meant for the Jews themselves. Israel was considered the
first born (Exodus 4:22)
-A king from the line of David, who is considered as Yahweh’s son. The Lord’s promise to David: “I will be his father, and he will be my son.” (2 Samuel, 7:11-16)
-Powerful persons or rulers
-Angels and heavenly beings.
-A righteous person

• “Savior” and “Lord” – titles used for the Roman emperor, applied to Jesus.
-Savior and Lord – both used to refer to the Roman Emperor.
-Two titles of Roman emperor were Savior and Lord. They brought control and order. They brought
Pax Romana, so indeed the Emperor is Savior, but also Lord since his orders have to be followed, he
knows best. The Romans also brought a system of justice that brought peace.

• “Son of Man” – the representative man, or the ideal man.
The Son of Man appeared to speak and act in these cases as the representative man. If God
had given man dominion over all the works of His hands, then He who was the Son of Man in this special
representative sense was in a position to exercise that dominion.

-Jesus is Christ and Son of God, because He stood apart from everyone, a man of God, he possessed strength and power which came from within. When he spoke people listened.
-Jesus is Messiah, who is just like a Davidic king because the time of David was when there was peace and prosperity, there was no foreign power who oppressed them, they freedom to worship, but without the pomp and circumstance associated with the kingly connotations of the title.
-Jesus is Savior who proclaimed peace, but did so through love and forgiveness, and not through force and oppression of the Emperor. Jesus’ proclamation is God’s love, not God’s unbending justice. Jesus is also Savior from the suffocating demands of the Pharisees in obeying laws.
-Jesus is Lord, but one who gives commands to take care of the people, but not the legalistic and demanding obedience to laws similar to the Pharisees

1. To imitate Jesus, then you must know the historical Jesus.
2. The message of the historical Jesus is not only about the next life, but THIS LIFE:
• A relationship with God based on love and compassion and not on rules.
• A society based on justice, equality and well-being, where everyone is welcome and accepted.


• Greek euangelion “good news”
• Refers to:
– Message taught by Jesus
– Message about Jesus
• Transmitted orally at first
– E.g. Paul in 1 Corinthians 11:23 “I received from
the Lord what I also handed on to you …”

Why not write a Gospel?
• Apocalyptic expectations (Mark 13:30)
• Respect for oral tradition (e.g. Papias)

Why write a Gospel?
• Death of the eyewitnesses
• Delay of Jesus’ parousia “appearance”
• Missionary needs
• Controversies over doctrine

The Synoptic Gospels: Mt. Mk, & Lk
• Very similar, frequently identical in wording;
– All 3 the same
– Any 2 the same
– All 3 different
Who wrote the Gospels?
• All 4 NT Gospels are anonymous
• Original title: Gospel of Jesus Christ
• Church attached “according to…” in 2nd
cent. CE to distinguish one from another

Gospel according to Mark
• Church tradition: John Mark, Jewish
associate of Paul in Acts
– Wrote from Peter’s preaching in Rome
– But inaccurate re. Jewish customs &
local geography
• For gentile Christians, 70 CE?

Gospel according to Matthew
• Church tradition: Matthew, Jewish, one of
the 12 disciples
• For: Matt is expert in Jewish customs and
local geography
• Written for Jewish-Christians, 85-90 CE?

Gospel according to Luke
• Church tradition: Luke, Greek physician
and associate of Paul in Acts (also by Luke)
• Supported by:
– good Greek style
– Pauline influence
– emphasis on healing
• Written for gentile Christians, 70-100 CE

Gospel according to John
• Differs from Synoptics:
– Style & theology
– Contents
– Arrangement
• But similar to 1,2,3 Letters of John and Rev
• Source is “the beloved disciple,” John 21:24
• Church tradition: John, son of Zebedee, one of
12 disciples, Jewish
• Modern historians: who knows?

Date of Composition

Mark: 68-73 AD
Matthew: 70-100 AD
Luke: 80-100 AD
John: 90-110 AD

Gospels were written in Greek, although
Jesus and the disciples spoke Aramaic
There were many gospels written about Jesus,
but only four are considered canonical
Other gospel accounts include the Gospel of
Thomas, the Gospel of Philip, the Gospel of
Mary Magdalene.
These gospels were not accepted into the Bible
because they were not widely used by the early
church or because they presented material that the
early Church Fathers thought were heretical.

Gospel authors were not attempting to write an
historical or biographical account of the birth, life,
death, and resurrection of Jesus
Trying to write their theological understanding of
what Jesus’ birth, life, death & resurrection meant
for the salvation of the world.

We have to remember that the Gospels were written in a series of stages; 1st stage in development of the Gospels was in the life and teachings of Jesus.
Jesus traveled thru out the land preaching, speaking, teaching, & performing miracles. These events became the basis for the historical accounts about the Historical Jesus. 2nd stage is the oral preaching of the followers of Christ, when they spread the good news throughout the land. 3rd stage is the Writing of the Gospels.
The second stage of the Gospels grew out of the
testimony and preaching of the eyewitnesses to
Jesus’ ministry and/or Resurrection and to early
practices in the Church, such as the Lord’s
Supper; these traditions may have been oral or
written & occurred @ 30 years after Jesus’ death.
It’s important to remember the context of this
second stage;
– Gospels ≠ modern newspapers or CNN
Jesus’ words were not transcribed word for word;
– Disciples were more concerned about proclaiming
the significance of what God was doing in human
history thru the life, death and resurrection of Jesus

We have to remember that as they were
sharing the Good News, the disciples were
talking to different people from different cultures.
That’s why in some of the Gospels (e.g.,
Mark 7:3) the writers will stop and explain
Jewish customs because they were talking
about Jewish traditions to Gentiles
As church matures, movement begins to develop
a different THEOLOGICAL understandings of
what the Christ event meant
– Christ event = birth, life, death & resurrection
– Why John talks about Jesus as God Incarnate while
the other three Gospels do not
– Jesus as God incarnate is a later theological
understanding of who Jesus is.

The Synoptic Gospels =Matthew, Mark, & Luke
– Synoptic = seeing together
Called Synoptic Gospels because
– Often recount same stories about Jesus
– Often recount stories in same order
Gospel of John is very different in style,
content & emphasis from Synoptic Gospels

This Gospel is short and to the point; written for
Gentile audience in Rome
Mark is action packed –focuses more on what
Jesus did, not what Jesus said
Mark’s Jesus is mysterious, Jesus is always
asking the disciples who he is & they never
quite get it.
Mark focuses a lot on the Passion narrative because Jesus, the Son of God, the Son of Man had to die so we might live –focuses more on the suffering of Jesus.

Jesus is the fulfillment of OT Scriptures
Matthew sets out to prove that Jesus is the Messiah prophesied in the OT
Genealogy links Jesus to David and Abraham thru his adoptive father Joseph
More focus on Jesus coming for the
“House of Israel” first, only goes to Gentiles
when Jews refuse to accept him

Luke is the longest & most comprehensive Gospel;
covers Jesus’ life from birth to death
He was a Gentile physician and companion of Paul’s
Only Gospel with detailed infant & childhood stories
Luke’s Gospel is Universal: Jesus came to save everyone.
Jesus came to save lost souls, to care for those who are marginalized, including the poor, children, women
There are more stories about women in Luke than in any other Gospel
People are receptive to Jesus but the leaders are not because he came to change the social order.

He sets out to prove that Jesus is God incarnate;
Jesus is God revealed to the world
John focuses more on what Jesus says, not what
Jesus does
Focused more on his ministry in Judea and
Jerusalem, not Galilee
John talks about Jesus as the Redeemer and
focuses more on the role of the Holy Spirit than
the other Gospels
Talks more about Love & about himself than any
of the other Gospels

In Synoptic Gospels, Jesus’ public ministry lasts one year; in John, it’s three years

In the Synoptics, Jesus speaks in short parables, in John, he speaks in long discourses.

A view of Christ from the Gospels

Matthew The Messiah is King
Mark The Messiah is Servant
Luke The Messiah is Savior of All
John The Messiah is the Son
of God who Became Man

The Gospel of Matthew
Jesus is the Messiah,
the son of David, the King of the Jews.

" A record of the genealogy of Jesus
Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham…”
Matthew 1:1-18

"All this took place to fulfill what the Lord
had said through the prophet: “The virgin
will be with child and will give birth to a
son, and they will call him Emmanuel”—
which means, “God with us.”"
Matthew 1:22-23

" This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about:
His mother Mary was pledged to be married to
Joseph, but before they came together, she was
found to be with child through the Holy Spirit."
"But after he had considered this, an angel of the
Lord appeared to him in a dream and said,
“Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to
take Mary home as your wife, because
what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit."
Matthew 1:18, 20

The Gospel of Mark
Jesus is the Suffering Servant,

"For even the Son of Man did not come
to be served, but to serve, and to give his life
as a ransom for many.”"
Mark 10:45

The Gospel of Luke
Jesus as the Son of Man,
rejected by Israel, offered to the Gentiles.

" Many have undertaken to draw up an account of
the things that have been fulfilled among us...
Therefore, since I myself have carefully
investigated everything from the beginning, it
seemed good also to me to write an orderly
account for you…so that you may know the
certainty of the things you have been taught."
Luke 1:1-4

“The birth of Jesus Christ was a birth in normal
human flesh from a normal human mother,
whose conception was not the result of sexual
intercourse with any man, but by the supernatural
activity of the Holy spirit.”

The Gospel of John
Jesus Is the Son of God

" In the beginning was the Word, and the
Word was with God, and the Word was God.
He was with God in the beginning. Through
him all things were made; without him nothing
was made that has been made."
John 1:1-3

"The Word became flesh and made his dwelling
among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of
the One and Only, who came from the Father, full
of grace and truth. John testifies concerning him.
He cries out, saying, “This was he of whom I said,
‘He who comes after me has surpassed me
because he was before me.’”
John 1:14-15

The Eternal Son Took on Human Flesh to Reveal God to Men. (John 1:18)

The Word Became Flesh to Reign Over His People.
(Luke 1:33a; Matthew 2:2)

He Came to Redeem. (Mark 10:45)


For comments send to: dananthony_anapi@yahoo.com


Thursday, March 05, 2009

Baccalaureate Mass Liturgy


LEADER: Good morning dear brothers and sisters! Today is, indeed, one of the most memorable days of our lives. It marks our success after four years of struggle as students of Caliguian National High School, our Alma Mater, and Bacnor National High School Extension. Yet, graduation is not the end of our endeavors. Rather, it is the beginning of a new life—a new life of facing more challenges more responsibilities, a new life with a MISSION. God calls us by our names and we are his children. Thus, we also share the mission of his Son, Jesus Christ: TO MAKE GOD’S KINGDOM A REALITY IN WHATEVER COMMUNITY WE MAY BE. May we live and work to realize this mission wherever we will be in the future. But now, let us join our hearts and minds together as a community of faith, hope, and love to celebrate the Holy Eucharist in thanksgiving for the blessings of the Lord in our life, especially the love, care, and sacrifices of our parents, guardians, teachers, and school administrators for us. May all their efforts in educating us throughout the years bear abundant fruit. Please rise and together we sing the entrance hymn.

Entrance Hymn (Pag-aalala)


PRIEST: In the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.

ALL: Amen.

PRIEST: The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the Fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.

ALL: And also with you.


PRIEST: My dear graduates, so that we are worthy as sons and daughters of God to celebrate this Holy Eucharist, let us call to mind our sins and be sorry for them.

ALL: I confess …

PRIEST: May Almighty God have mercy on us, forgive us our sins, and bring us to everlasting life.

ALL: Amen.

Kyrie (Panginoon Maawa Ka)


PRIEST: Let us pray that our lives may reflect the light of Christ.

God our Father, you sent your Son among us to unite all by serving all. We pray today that our Graduates may build up to the body of your Son by rendering humble service to the community. May they truly grow as responsible persons, always willing to do what is good and never afraid to stand for what is true. We make this prayer through Christ our Lord.

ALL: Amen.

LEADER: Please be seated for the Liturgy of the Word.



READER: A Reading from the Book of Isaiah (58: 7-10)

Thus says the Lord: Share your food with the hungry and open your hearts to the homeless poor. Give clothes to those who have nothing to wear, and do not refuse to help your relatives. Then my favor will shine on you like the morning sun and your words will be quickly healed. I will always be with you to save you; my presence will protect you on every side. When you pray, I will answer you, when you call to me, I will respond. If you put an end to oppression, to every gesture of contempt, and every evil word; if you give food to the hungry and satisfy those who are in need, then the darkness around you will turn to the brightness of noon.

The Word of the Lord.

ALL: Thanks be to God.


READER: Let your response be – Give thanks to the Lord, proclaim his greatness; tell the nations what he has done.

Sing praise to the Lord; tell the wonderful things He has done. Be glad that we belong to Him; let all who worship him rejoice. (Response)

Go to the Lord for help; and worship Him continually, you descendants of Abraham, his servant; you descendants of Jacob, the man He chose; remember the miracles that God performed; and the judgments that He gave. (Response)

The Lord is our Lord; His commands are for all the world; He will keep his convenant forever, His promises for a thousand generations. (Response)

LEADER: Please stand for the Gospel Acclamation.

Gospel Acclamation (I Will Listen)


PRIEST: The Lord be with you.

ALL: And also with you.

PRIEST: A Reading from the Holy Gospel according to Luke (17:11-19)

As Jesus made His way to Jerusalem, He went along the border between Samaria and Galilee. He was going into a village when 10 men suffering from a dreaded skin disease met him. They stood at a distance and shouted, “Jesus, Master! Have pity on us!” Jesus saw them and said to them, “Go and let the priests examine you.” On the way, they were made clean. When one of them saw that he was healed, he came back, praising God in a loud voice. He threw himself to the ground at Jesus’ feet and thanked him. The man was a Samaritan. Jesus spoke up, “there were ten men who were healed, where are the other nine?” “Why is the foreigner the only one who came back to give thanks to God?” And Jesus said to him, “Get up and go, your faith has made you well.”

The Gospel of the Lord.

ALL: Praise to you, O Lord, Jesus Christ.


Profession of Faith (We Believe)


PRIEST: Let us pray to the Father of Light that we may truly become the Salt and Light of the world. Let us say: LORD, LET YOUR LIGHT SHINE ON US.

READER: For the church, we the people of God: that our way of Christian life be faithful to the Gospel. Let us pray to the Lord.

READER: For our Pope, Bishops, and Priests: that they may faithfully serve the kingdom God. Let us pray to the Lord.

READER: For our government officials: that they may work for justice and peace and for the good of our community. Let us pray to the Lord.

READER: For our parents, teachers, classmates and friends, and all who have been good to us: that they may continue to touch the lives of young people like us. Let us pray to the Lord.

READER: For us graduates: that God will reveal His wonderful plans for all of us, and that with Christ, we may develop fully and help build Christian communities by loving and serving members of our families and our neighbors. Let us pray to the Lord.

PRIEST: Lord God, hear our petitions and let the light of Christ shine in us through our words and actions. We make this prayer through your Son, Jesus Christ, Our Lord, forever and ever.

All: Amen.


LEADER: Please be seated for the symbolic offering of the gifts.

(The offertory procession of the symbolic offerings is accompanied by an instrumental music).

(1) Candles: We offer to you, Lord, these Candles as symbol of the gifts of wisdom, knowledge, and understanding you have created in us. Grant that the gifts we have received may serve as light to those who are in darkness and sin, especially to those who refuse to believe in you. Lord, may this offering we make be acceptable to you.

(2) Flowers: The beauty of creation is symbolized by these flowers which we offer to you, Lord. May they always remind us of the beauty of your kingdom and the sweetness of your everlasting love. Lord, may this offering we make be acceptable to you.

(3) Gifts: These gifts symbolize the abundance of the blessings we received from you, O Lord. We offer them back to you as an expression of our gratitude and love as well as our generosity to give ourselves in the service of others. Lord, may this offering we make be acceptable to you.

(4) Medals, Certificates, Awards, and Ribbons: These tokens of our success symbolize the material blessings you continually shower on us, O Lord. Help us as we strive to live the values of the Gospel by word and deed. Lord, may this offering we make be acceptable to you.

(5) Bread and Wine: Lord, your Son Jesus offered his body that was broken into pieces that the people on would be nourished by his unending love. His blood was poured for all that our sins will be forgiven. We offer this bread and this wine as signs of out remembrance of Pascal Mystery of Jesus. May they remind us to live a fellowship of love and constant service. Lord, may this offering we make be acceptable.


Offertory Song (Take and Receive)

PRIEST: Pray brothers and sisters that this sacrifice may be acceptable to God, the Almighty Father.

ALL: May the Lord accept this sacrifice at your hands, for the praise and glory of his name, for our good, and the good of all His Church.

LEADER: Please stand.


PRIEST: Lord, our God, may the bread and wine you gave us for our nourishment on earth become the sacrament of our eternal life. We ask this through Christ our Lord.

ALL: Amen.


PRIEST: The Lord be with you.

ALL: And also with you.

PRIEST: Lift up your hearts and minds to the Lord.

ALL: We lift them up to the Lord.

PRIEST: Let us give thanks up to the Lord our God.

ALL: It is right to give Him thanks and praise.

PRIEST: Father, it is our duty and our salvation, always and everywhere to give you thanks through your beloved Son, Jesus Christ. He is the Word through whom you made the universe, the Savior you sent to redeem us. By the power of the Holy Spirit he took flesh and was born of the Virgin Mary.

For our sake he opened his arms on the cross; he put an end to death and revealed the resurrection. In this he fulfilled your will and won for you a holy people. And so we join the angels and the saints in proclaiming your glory as we sing.

Sanctus (Santo, Santo, Santo . . .)


LEADER: Please kneel.


PRIEST: Let us proclaim the mystery of our faith.

LEADER: Please stand.

Acclamation (We Remember . . .)

PRIEST: Through Him, with Him, and in Him, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, and the glory and honor is yours, almighty Father, forever and ever.

Great Amen (Amen, Amen . . .)


PRIEST: Through the powerful commandment and teaching of Jesus who is Lord and God, we have the courage to sing:

Our Father (Ama Namin . . .)

PRIEST: Deliver us, O Lord from every evil and grant us peace is our day. In your mercy, keep us free from sin and protect us from all anxiety as we wait in joyful hope for the coming of our Savior, Jesus Christ.

Doxology (For the Kingdom . . .)

PRIEST: Lord Jesus Christ, you said to your apostles: “I leave you Peace, my peace I give you. Look not on our sins, but on the Faith of your church. Grant us peace and unity of your kingdom where you live forever and ever.

ALL: Amen.

PRIEST: The peace of the Lord be with you always.

ALL: And also with you.

PRIEST: Let us greet one another with sign of peace.

Lamb of God (Kordero ng Diyos . . .)

LEADER: Please kneel.

PRIEST: This is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world. Happy are those who are called to this celebration.

ALL: Lord, I am not worthy to receive you but only say the word and I shall be healed.

Communion (Walang Hanggang Pasasalamat . . .)


GRADUATES: Lord, we thank you for the time you’ve forgiven us. We thank you for the gift of life. We thank you for listening to us, and for keeping us in your love. We thank you, Lord, for everything.

We thank you for our parents, who have enabled us to experience the joys and warmth of family life. We thank you for our beloved teachers who have guided us in the search for genuine truth and wisdom.

We thank you for our classmates and friends with whom we have learned and experienced the happiness and difficulties of life. We thank you for opening

our minds and hearts to recognize you as the true source of light. We thank you, Lord, for everything.

PRIEST: Let us pray.

LEADER: Please stand.

PRIEST: Lord, in this spiritual food, you have given back to us the sacrifice we offered you in thanksgiving, the savings Sacrament of Christ your Son. By these gifts of strength and joy, sustain in your service and bring us to your gift of eternal life. Grant this through Christ our Lord.

ALL: Amen.

PRIEST: The Lord be with you.

ALL: And also with you.

PRIEST: Dear graduates, be a living witness as a true sons and daughters of God. And may the Good Lord bless you, the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit.

ALL: Amen.

PRIEST: CONGRATULATIONS! Let us go in peace to love and serve the Lord.

ALL: Thanks be to God.

Recessional (I Will Sing Forever . . .)

Sunday, March 01, 2009

Theo IV - Handout for Finals (incomplete)

God : creator
- owner/ giver of life
Wo/Man – steward of creation
- take care of creation and himself

The Christian View of man is Whole

Other views of man: dualistic
Body – flesh (sarx)
Soul – spirit (pneuma)

Some consider the soul as imprisoned in the body and the body is the source of evil
Example: The desire of the flesh opposed to the desire of the pneuma and two are opposed to each other.

Christian View: Body and Soul = man - image of God
Everything God created is good

Incarnation shows that the body and soul are good/sacred
Example: Body/self = temple of the holy spirit

Bodily Life and Health – good, sacred, gift of God

Bodily Life and heath/ health: complete physical, mental, spiritual and social well being

I. Man’s duty to care it; through the following:
1. Nourishment – food
- All foods are good
- needed: temperance – right amount of food for your body and health
2. Housing, shelter, clothing
3. Recreation and Sports
4. Stimulants and drugs – here temperance is greatly emphasize
Do not abuse: ex: marijuana
: cocaine
: barbiturates
: hashis
: morphine
: heroin etc.
Some stimulants: intoxicating drinks
- tobacco
- tea
- coffee
- cola

Smoking: hazardous to health

Amputations or removal of organs like kidney, etc..?

= allowed if it disturbs the health or endanger the whole body and they don’t serve their purpose

Example: They are useless like damaged uterus, etc.

- Physicians have moral duties and responsibilities
- Patients have moral rights and duties. Ex: cooperate

- Transplantation of organs – like kidney etc is allowed- if no change in the identity of the person, not allowed organs of animals to man.

Sterilization, castration – allowed if great danger to health and life.

- Sexual reassignment is not permissible, the reason for the desire for such is psychological
Treatment: a. Psychotheraphy
b. Personal counseling

- Artificial insemination – never allowed(Remedy adoption)

. Suicide
. Murder
. Euthanasia
. Abortion

. Indirect killing
. Indirect Abortion

Rules to follow:- Follow the rule of proportionate reason

Self-defense = allowed on the following conditions:
1. the aggression must be unjust
2. the aggression must be actual
3. the defense must be limited to the means which is needed, follow proportionate reason.
4. use limited/minimum violence


Sexuality = whole composition of the body whether male or female
= wholly good/sacred
Sexual Love = is willed by the creator
= human value
= wholly good

Purpose of sexuality:
In the sacred Scriptures
A. Old Testament
1.procreation (Genesis 1:28,29)
2.Companionship (Genesis 2:18, Tob 8:6)
The two flesh become one = suggest Monogamy
3. Education of Children/welfare of family

B. New Testament
1. equality between man and woman/no domination
2. chastity: against fornication
3. virginity – (Mt. 19:11 ff, Cor. 7:8; 25-26)
one reason is for the kingdom
Man: Masculine: active, outgoing, assail
Feminine: receptive, protective
- has the greater fortitude to endure
- Each has its own strengths and weaknesses
- the two are complementary
- no domination of the other
- no unnatural and align imitation of the other sex

sexuality – sexual love, conjugal love (husband and wife), sacred, in the context of a family
- family – sacred
- marriage – sacred covenant

1. Maintain the sacredness/welfare of the family
2. birth control

I. Natural family Planning (church)

1. Calendar rhythm/method
(Abstinence, discipline, respect)

II. Artificial (Contraceptive(abortive) – against morality)
1. Tubal ligation
2. IUD
3. Vasectomy
4. Condom
5. Pills

Against marital sex, against the dignity of the human body, sex and family
Lev. 19:27 lev 18:22
Jer: 5:7 lev 20:13
Sir: 9:6 Rom 1:22-23
Deut: 23:17 I Cor. 6:9-11
Amos: 2:7 I Tim: 1-9-ff
Mt. 15:19 Gen. 19
Mt. 7:21-23


Premarital Sex masturbation
Concuvinage phornography
Adultery adultery sexual fantasy
Rape necking
Incest petting- to arouse

Mastery of sexuality = control or master your sexual life, does not mean to suppress it.
- Find the proper channel of sexual energy

A. Modesty = practice the sense of shame in the realm of sex Ex: practice modesty in dressing, Conversation, Mass media etc.

B. Chastity = purity of sexual life (in single, Celibate, Married life)

Violations against Family
1. Incest = sexual intercourse between persons who are closely related by blood or affinity
2. Petty Jealousy= fosters groundless suspicion regarding the partner’s faithfulness and suppresses friendships beyond the family circle.
3. Polygyny = marriage of one man to two or more women at the same time
4. Polyandry = marriage of woman to two or more men at the same time
5. Genocide = killing one’s relative

Violations against Life
1. Suicide = direct taking of one’s life done on one’s own authority
2. artificial Insemination and IVI = impregnation not by means of natural intercourse, but by means of mechanical, artificial aids, e.g. a syringe, used for the transfer of sperm
3. Abortion = removal of the non-viable human being from the mother’s womb by human intervention, whether by killing him before removal from the womb or whether by exposing him to a certain death outside the womb.
4. Euthanasia = also called mercy – killing, commonly means the intentional killing of a tormented, incurable patient by lethal agents or means.
5. Murder = killing of an innocent even if by authorization or order of the state authority

Violations against Sex
1. Homosexuality = is a persistent, predominant erotic attraction to persons of the same sex which is often coupled with sexual activity
2. Prostitution = if sexual intercourse is offered for money
3. Adultery = sexual intercourse between two partners of different sex of whom at one is married
4. rape = sexual intercourse with a woman against her consent
5. bestiality = act of having sex with animals.
6. Paresthesia – using objects.

God’s Grace is always there assisting you to live
A morally upright Life but God still respects your
Freedom.His grace is free but it is take it or leave it.

May we always try our best to follow Jesus Christ the
Perfect model of Christian Morality.

Theo II - Handout for Finals

Ash Wednesday
- start of the Lenten Season
- Fasting -

- -Abstinence –

- ash -

- cleansing of the temple by Christ
 Temple was transformed into “market” – gain money.
“This is the house of my father” Christ = son of God

- Deeply Theological / Religious matter / Religion
Israelites’ view: Christ is contradicting and destroying their faith
to YHWH, their O.T. religion (later called Judaism)

Problem of the Jews: More People were Believing in Christ; their O.T.religion will be destroyed /no belief in Yahweh.
 So they look for ways to put Christ unto death.

- Jesus is different from Yahweh – because Jesus is a son of Joseph.
-They can’t accept Christ as the Messiah because of their different concept (expectations.)about the Messiah: from the royal family, a mighty military leader, Kingly who will fight the enemies of Israel and establish the Kingdom of Israel – it should be “God” (very powerful one). Like King ___________.

Enemy of Christ – power of evil/sin, slavery of sin,
Human sinfulness, sin.

 Man’s lack of compassion
- one great cause of sin and slavery

- Jesus was tried and sentenced by the “Roman Procurator” from the following charges/accusations.
 (The charges were deeply Theological but they made it political in order to put Christ to death).

1. Incited the people to revolt.(against Romans)
2. Opposed to pay tribute to Caesar (Emperor)-worship-son of god/divine
3. Claimed to be the Christ (Messiah) – King
SANHEDRIN – accused him as “Blasphemous Man”
HERODIANS – accused him of “Dangerous and Subtly subversive revolutionary”
PHARISEES – accused him of “inciting people not to pay taxes”
SCRIBES – accused him of “his ignorance & liberal approach of the law”
Triumphal entry into Jerusalem: Jesus as the King entered Jerusalem.( What were their “pompom” in welcoming Him?)
What’s the difference of Christ with the other human Kings? Ex:the king in a chess game.

- re-enacted on Holy Thursday Peter’s reaction:_______________
- work of a servant ___________________

Jesus – master – doing the work of a servant
Message: true leadership is shown in humble service.

- where Jesus instituted (established) the sacrament of the Holy Eucharist.

Holy Eucharist (symbolic in the highest sense) / Agape / Breaking of
The bread
-commemorates Christ giving himself for the salvation of people/forgiveness of sins.

- done in memory of the past event so that you let the effect of the past event takes place/ take effect in our present time.

Christ was only tempted 3 times in his life. Yes or no?

What does the cup symbolize? _______________________________________

How much did Judas receive in order to betray Christ? ___________________________

Scenes:1.Triumphal entry 2.washing of the Feet 3.Last supper
“Pompom” “Wewet” -_______ “bading”-______

Place: ___________________
Temptation:__________________________ Cutting of neck to ear surgery
Christ’s experience/ state: “bold star”

5. Sanhedrin
High priest: __________________
Caiaphas Words?Principle:___________________________________
3x denial:who _______ his reminder of his denial: __________

6.P.P_______ 7. King kong _________ 8. P.P
- the 2nd and 3rd
Sorrowful mystery
- Washing(hands)
- “ Amnesty”program

9.Carrying of cross 10.Calvary 11. tomb.
__________of cyrene soldier’s faith ________of Arimatea

12. Resurrection /empty tomb
Woman : ____________________________ “noli me tangere”
Apostle: ___________________________

Why was there a need to go to P. Pilate when they have the Sanhedrin? _________________________________________________________

INRI – Iesus Nazarenus
(Jesus the Nazorean King of the Jews)

Another term for Calvary: __________________

What do they give/offer to the thirsty crucified one and why? __________ or ______________ for _________________________________

Purposes of The Roman punishment of Crucifixion: - to put a person to shame, suffering, and death.

What happen in the temple when Christ died? ______________________

What will they do to be sure that the one being crucified really died before they leave him?_______________________________________
What did they do to Christ? And why? _____________________________

Who requested the body of Christ to be brought down from the Cross before evening or sunset comes and why? __________________________

How was the tomb of Christ being prepared? _______________________

- death penalty for the Roman Empire for Criminals.

1. Last Supper
2. The Agony in Gethsemani
3. Jesus is condemned to death
4. Jesus is scourged and crown with thorns.
5. Jesus carries the cross
6. Jesus falls
7. Simon of Cyrene helped Jesus carry the cross.
8. Jesus meets the women of Jerusalem.
9. Jesus is stripped off his garments.
10. The forgiven thief.
11. Mother Mary and the beloved disciple at the foot of the cross.
12. the death of Jesus.
13. Jesus is laid in the tomb.
14. The resurrection of Jesus.

14 Stations
- to be with (experience) Christ’s suffering and death.


1. Father forgive them for they do not know what they are doing._
2. This day you shall be with me in paradise.____________________
3. Woman behold thy Son, Son behold thy Mother.__________________
4. My God, My God why have you forsaken me.
5. I thirst! __________________
6. It is consummated/finished ____________________________
7. Father into your hands I commend my spirit____________________

 “Eloi, Eloi Lama Sabactani”

7 Last Words
- to contemplate/meditate on Christ’s suffering and death.

What feast of the Jews did Christ die on the Cross? ______________
What is the significance of that feast for the Jews? _____________
For us Christians, what is the significance of Christ’s dying on that feast of the Jews? __________________________________________

How can you/we be included in the passion, death and resurrection of Christ when that happened 2002 years ago? Or how can you be included in that salvific/saving act of Christ when you are born after that event/incident? By:___________________________________
Who told you to do such? ______________


- whipping of oneself in public as a form of PENANCE

3 Stages:
a. As a punishment
- 4th century
- scourging: a punishment for delinquent clerics
- feature of monastic discipline
b. Form of voluntary penance
- mid-11th century
- natural development from penal form

a. Expiation of personal sins and sins of others
b. Self-conquess (self-fulfillment)
c. Impetration of Divine Graces and favors
d. Conformity with Christ
- martyrs – regarded as closest to Christ

- acting as Christ

- room where Christ had his last supper.

SENAKULO – “Drama” operatta Pasyon
- dramatization of the life of Christ especially his passion, death
and resurrection.
- familiarizing (being in) ourselves with the life and Passion and death of Christ.

Senakulo – encourages/moves us to a deeper conversion.

-pabasa : _______________________________________________

Holy Thursday
1. Washing of the feet
2. Holy Eucharist
Visita – Iglesia (visit at least 7 churches)

Cyborium or monstrance

Good Friday
1. Stations of the Cross
2. Flagellation – flagellates
- acting as Christ’s
3. Senakulo (Drama)
4. 7 Last Words

What will you practice on Good Friday( same with ash wed)?
______________ and _____________________
- its purpose:
1. To meditate/reflect on the life, passion and death of Christ (for our sins) (To be with Christ Experience, Christ suffering and death for us.)
2. Will encourage/move us to deeper conversion (change)
3. so that these will lead to a meaningful celebration of Easter (Christ giving us new life)

Black Saturday / Easter vigil
Blessing of Oil and Water
-Water : symbolism – O.T. – cleansing, bring life(Gen 1-2),
Deliverance(exodus), saved Noah’s family
- N.T. Baptism of Jesus – New Israel, new Adam,
New era, messiah.
- Baptism of Christians – new life, new birth

Renewal of Baptismal vows

- Oil : symbolism –for healing, anointing- to anoint heads of guests
- Anointing : anointing of Kings, prophets and priests
: God’s sweet continuous presence

Prophet - Jesus Christ. These are all taken by Christ

So those who are anointed (during baptism)also carries the three responsibilities : Kingly – service, Prophetic – to preach and
Priestly – to offer spiritual sacrifice.

Paschal Candle – symbolizes (Light)-Jesus as the Light of the World.

Paschal Mystery – means the passion, death, and resurrection of
- center of our faith

What is being narrated in the Liturgy during Easter vigil?

Easter Sunday
- done at dawn of Easter Sunday.
- Meeting of the sorrowful mother with his resurrected son.
- Message : _______________________________________________

Who was the woman who first saw the empty tomb of Christ? __________
Question: Which should be more festive? Christmas or Easter?
What can Easter do to Christmas?

Negative: Reminds us of the ugliness/evilness of sin – can cause poverty, suffering and death. Sin is shameful.

Positive: Cross – symbol of God’s saving love, symbol of our salvation, victory, triumph over sin and death

Death of Christ: two Views:
1. Political view
- execution of a non conformist revolutionist by the Romans.
Christ = Criminal.
2. Apostolic Faith/View
- it was an accomplishment of Christ’s mission from the Father. (To save us by dying on the cross as prophesied in the Old Testament.)

O.T. Theology
- Christ saves the world as a sacrificial lamb. (offered sheep for sins, peace offering)

At present, this is no longer “effective” or appreciated view (as if God is a Blood Thirsty God) Theologizing (critique)Christ should have been offered immediately after his birth.

3rd View (Present Theology of Christ’s Death)
- Christ’s death is a consequence of his work as a liberator of men from all sort/kinds of oppression – from outside or inside the human person.

- Christ died as a priest and the victim (offered himself)

-confirmed all the words and deeds of Christ that Christ is really the Messiah/son of God, Divine. He renewed the Old covenant and
created a new one.

-Christ’s resurrection is the source and principle of our future
Resurrection. The Ground of our Christian Faith. the source
Of authority of the Christian community leaders.

What happened to the Apostles when Christ was arrested, tried, till his crucifixion?_________________________________________________

What event regrouped the apostles or made them come together again and stay as one? ______________

Christ’s appearances : - to the group without the doubter __________
- to the group with the doubter
- to the two walking
- to peter where he asked peter’s commitment
- he asked them to go and preach, baptize
People, forgive sins, etc.

NO RESURRECTION – no faith in Christ /no Catholics/no church/ no USL/ no Theo 2.

Strictly or theologically, what image should be at the center in front of every Catholic or generally every Christian Church? _______________________________.

Resurrection is a trans-historical event. Beyond the control of time
and space. No one claimed
to have seen how it happened, no one can describe
or explain it. Although they saw the empty tomb.

The Risen Christ is a Glorified Christ; cannot be controlled by time, space; cannot be overcome by death.

The Risen Christ continued to be with his apostles, he commissioned them to teach all people what he had taught them. After his ascension, he continued to be with them through the Holy Spirit.

Christ’s descent to the dead means : in Adam, all will die and
In Christ, all will come to life.
Christ’ Ascension
- meaning : Christ’s exaltation, sovereign authority and power
over all creation and history.
: Jesus’ exaltation into the heavenly realm of his
: He ascended so the Holy Spirit will descend and
Remained with us(Church) forever.
: gives us hope of one day entering God’s glory with

The Risen Christ saves us through the following:
- re-imaging God a our Loving Father.
- grounding our inalienable self-worth in God.
- grounding the dignity of every human person.
- Clarifying the authentic hierarchy of values in life.

How does Christ touch our lives today?
- through the Inspired Words (Bible)
- through the Sacraments
- through the Church ( Community of disciples)
- through the Holy Spirit dwelling in us(Our guide and inspires us

Father : Giver of life, creator
Son : gives meaning to life, redeemer
Holy Spirit : moves, inspires us to go to the Father through Christ.

The Cross: some interpretations :
- Vertical part :_________________________________________________

- Horizontal part :_______________________________________________

Historically, what they carry is the horizontal part of the cross.

Didache -

Kerygmatic -

-1. A Faith Response
2. Like the master, runs the risk of being opposed
3. Walks the way of Jesus
-cares for the mother earth, cares for neighbors,
Cares for culture,Live a life of Service and Contemplation.
* see discipleship in the midterm topic.

Mary : the Model of Discipleship

: the name Mary in Hebrew is Miryam, means “the exalted one”.

: She played a great role in God’s plan of saving humanity.
-She gave her total YES to God to be the mother of the savior
: She is the first disciple of Jesus.

: Mary, the first to be evangelized
- She submitted her whole self to God, believing his word,
Trusting his power, and obeying his will.

: Mary, the first evangelizer
- She put into reality her faith response in her proclamation of the MAGNIFICAT.

Magpakatao ( Becoming Human)
- a Call to Christian maturity
- a great responsibility
- a process
- it follows stages like infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood.

In theo. 3, you will learn how God assists us in becoming human through these different stages by giving us his graces through the seven sacraments which follows our stages of growth in our journey to God.


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